Australian Visa Options for tradespeople

There are many occupations in the trades sector providing opportunities for appropriately skilled applicants (with the minimum required qualifications and experience) to qualify for a skilled visa to Australia. Options include occupations in the construction trades (carpenters, bricklayers and plumbers), automotive and engineering trades (motor mechanics, metal fabricators, automotive electricians), food trades (chefs, cooks, bakers and pastrycooks), electronics and telecommunications trades (air conditioning and refrigeration mechanics) and hairdressers.

In this article, we explore the skilled visa options that are available for selected trade occupations. Given the vast number of potential options for this occupational group, it is not possible to cover each one. If you would like to find out more information about the potential skilled visa options that are available in your particular trade occupation, we welcome you to contact us so that we can provide you with advice which is tailored to your individual circumstances.

We also refer you to an earlier article which we have prepared in our series on Australian Visa Options that are available for selected occupations. There you will find further information about the main features and requirements of the various skilled visa options that may be available.

Obtaining a positive skill assessment is often a key requirement to qualify for a skilled visa. Each occupation that can be nominated for a skilled visa has a specially prescribed skill assessing body which is tasked with conducting skill assessments for migration purposes. Trades Recognition Australia (TRA) conducts skill assessments for most trade occupations in Australia. Vocational Education and Training Assessment Services (VETASSESS) is also a prescribed skill assessing authority for some trade occupations. The role of TRA and VETASSESS is to assess whether prospective visa applicants have the requisite skills to competently perform their nominated occupation. Each skill assessing body sets its own minimum standards for the purposes of assessment and the process involved in conducting a skills assessment.

As we discuss the visa options available for the selected range of trade occupations below, we identify the prescribed skill assessing body for each one. Later in this article, we also provide further information about TRA requirements, the most widely used assessment body for this occupational category.

Which trade occupations may qualify for an Australia skilled visa?

An important starting point for our analysis is the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO). This is a system used to classify all occupations that are eligible for nomination for migration purposes. For each occupation, ANZSCO provides a standard set of details, including a general description, skill level, registration and/or licensing requirements and the tasks and duties that may be performed in each occupation.

As mentioned above, there are a large number of occupational categories for trade workers contained in ANZSCO which may be nominated for a skilled visa (classified as minor groups). These include the following:

  • Automotive Electricians and Mechanics (minor group 321);
  • Panelbeaters, Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters (minor group 324);
  • Bricklayers, carpenters and joiners (minor group 331);
  • Floor Finishers and Painting Trades Workers (minor group 332);
  • Glaziers, plasterers and tilers (minor group 333);
  • Food trades workers (minor group 351); and
  • Hairdressers (minor group 391).

Each minor category is then broken down into unit groups of occupations. The next level below this are specific occupations, which are each identified using an ANZSCO code. Skilled visa eligibility is, in part, based on whether your occupation appears on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL) for the skilled visa that you are seeking to apply for. 

Our discussion will follow the ANZSCO structure as we have outlined above. We will start by looking at the minor groups listed above. We will then explore the unit groups that make up each minor group. We then conclude with the most important component in this discussion, that being the specific occupations that may be nominated for a skilled visa to Australia.

ANZSCO Minor Group 321 – Automotive Electricians and Mechanics

We begin our analysis with ANZSCO minor group 321 for Automotive Electricians and Mechanics.

ANZSCO General Description: Automotive Electricians and Mechanics repair and maintain automotive electrical systems and motor vehicle and other internal combustion engines.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • diagnosing electrical and mechanical faults in motor vehicles and small engines
  • dismantling engines and electrical systems
  • repairing and replacing worn and defective parts
  • installing electrical equipment and electronic components in motor vehicles
  • testing and adjusting electrical and mechanical systems and parts after repair for proper performance
  • performing scheduled maintenance on motor vehicles

The 133 minor group comprises the following unit groups:

  • 3211 Automotive Electricians; and
  • 3212 Motor Mechanics.

Set out below are the specific Automotive Electricians and Mechanics occupations which may be nominated and therefore may qualify for an Australian skilled visa.

UNIT GROUP 3211 – AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICIANS

This unit group consists of the single occupation of automotive electrician, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Automotive Electricians install, maintain and repair electrical wiring and electronic components in motor vehicles.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • using test equipment to locate electrical and electronic malfunctions
  • dismantling and removing electrical and electronic assemblies and components
  • installing electrical equipment and electronic components in motor vehicles
  • connecting power-operated vehicle equipment and accessories to power supply
  • adjusting engine control systems and timing
  • testing and replacing defective alternators, generators, voltage regulators and starter motors
  • repairing and replacing faulty ignition and electrical wiring
  • replacing defective parts such as fuses, lamps and switches

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the occupation in the Automotive Electrician ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Automotive Electrician

Alternative Title:

Automotive Electrical Fitter

321111

Installs, maintains and repairs electrical wiring and electronic components in motor vehicles. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3212 MOTOR MECHANICS

There are several occupations included in the motor mechanics ANZSCO unit group, which share the following elements:

ANZSCO General Description: Motor Mechanics repair, maintain and test motor vehicle and other internal combustion engines and related mechanical components.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • detecting and diagnosing mechanical and electrical faults in engines and parts
  • dismantling and removing engine assemblies, transmissions, steering mechanisms and other components, and checking parts
  • repairing and replacing worn and defective parts and reassembling mechanical components, and referring to service manuals as needed
  • performing scheduled maintenance services, such as oil changes, lubrications and engine tune-ups, to achieve smoother running of vehicles and ensure compliance with pollution regulations
  • reassembling engines and parts after being repaired
  • testing and adjusting mechanical parts after being repaired for proper performance
  • diagnosing and testing parts with the assistance of computers
  • may inspect vehicles and issue roadworthiness certificates or detail work required to achieve roadworthiness
  • may respond to vehicle breakdown service calls

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of each occupation in the Motor Mechanics ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Motor Mechanic (General)

Alternative Title:

Automotive Light Mechanic

321211

Maintains, tests and repairs petrol engines and the mechanical parts of lightweight motor vehicles such as transmissions, suspension, steering and brakes. Registration or licensing may be required.

Diesel Motor Mechanic

321212

Maintains, tests and repairs diesel motors and the mechanical parts of trucks, buses and other heavy vehicles such as transmissions, suspension, steering and brakes. Registration or licensing may be required.

Motorcycle Mechanic

321213

Maintains, tests and repairs the mechanical parts of motorcycles. Registration or licensing may be required.

Small Engine Mechanic

321214

Maintains, tests and repairs engines of chainsaws, lawn mowers, garden tractors and other equipment with small engines. Registration or licensing may be required.

ANZSCO Minor Group 324 – Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters

We next look at ANZSCO minor group 324 for Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters.

ANZSCO General Description: Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters repair damage to motor vehicle bodies; construct purpose-built vehicle bodies; fit, repair and replace interior trim and upholstery in vehicles; and paint vehicles.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • removing, replacing and repairing damaged panels and parts using mechanical and hydraulic equipment
  • filling depressions with plastic filler and chiselling and sanding surfaces
  • constructing framework sections in metal, wood, fibreglass and other materials using stretching and shrinking machines and welding equipment
  • bolting, screwing, riveting and welding sections together to form complete frameworks
  • cutting and shaping panels of sheetmetal, aluminium and reinforced plastic and attaching to frameworks using hand and power tools
  • preparing new vehicle trim work according to drawings and sketches, and removing old coverings and fittings from vehicles and taking new measurements
  • selecting and cutting pieces of fabric, vinyl and leather and sewing pieces together using heavy-duty sewing machines
  • installing and attaching interior lining, floor coverings, armrests, door trims, rubber seals, locks and handles
  • masking areas not to be painted by covering with masking tape and paper
  • selecting and mixing paint shades to match vehicle colour
  • applying primer and finish coats with spray-guns, and sanding surfaces between coats

The 324 minor group comprises the following unit groups:

  • 3241 Panelbeaters;
  • 3242 Vehicle Body Builders and Trimmers; and
  • 3243 Vehicle Painters.

Set out below are the specific Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters occupations which may be nominated and therefore may qualify for an Australian skilled visa.

UNIT GROUP 3241 PANELBEATERS

This unit group comprises the sole occupation of panelbeater, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Panelbeaters repair damage to metal, fibreglass and plastic body work on vehicles, and form replacement vehicle panels.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • removing damaged panels and parts, and removing upholstery and accessories to gain access
  • removing dents by hammering panels
  • straightening damaged vehicles and parts using mechanical and hydraulic equipment
  • replacing badly damaged sections with new or second-hand panels
  • filling depressions with plastic filler, and filing, grinding and sanding repaired surfaces
  • cutting and joining replacement sections using welding equipment
  • fitting repaired or replacement panels on vehicles and refitting body hardware such as door locks and trims
  • may assist vehicle body builders in constructing and restoring custom-designed, vintage and other specialty vehicles
  • may spray-paint vehicles

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the panelbeater occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Panelbeater

Alternative Title:

Collision Repairer

324111

Repairs damage to metal, fibreglass and plastic body work on vehicles and forms replacement vehicle panels. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3242 – VEHICLE BODY BUILDERS AND TRIMMERS

The ANZSCO unit group for Vehicle Body Builders and Trimmers comprises of two occupations, which have the following common elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Vehicle Body Builders and Trimmers manufacture and repair prototype production units and purpose-built vehicle bodies, and install, repair and replace the interior trim of vehicles.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • constructing framework sections in metal, wood, fibreglass and other materials using shaping machines and cutting and welding equipment
  • bolting, screwing, riveting and welding sections together to form complete frameworks
  • cutting and shaping panels of sheetmetal, aluminium and reinforced plastic and attaching to frameworks using hand and power tools
  • modifying assembly line vehicles to special requirements
  • preparing new vehicle trim work according to drawings and sketches, and removing old coverings and fittings from vehicles and taking new measurements
  • selecting and cutting pieces of fabric, vinyl and leather and sewing pieces together using heavy-duty sewing machines
  • installing internal trim in vehicles such as lining, floor coverings and armrests
  • attaching door trims, rubber seals, locks and handles

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Short Term Stream)

A description of the occupations in this ANZSCO unit group are listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Vehicle Body Builder

Alternative Title:

Vehicle Body Maker

324211

Manufactures and repairs prototype production units and purpose-built vehicle bodies such as buses, trucks, fire engines and caravans. Registration or licensing may be required.

Vehicle Trimmer

324212

Installs, repairs and replaces the interior trim of vehicles such as seats, linings, floor coverings and door trims. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3243 – VEHICLE PAINTERS

This ANZSCO unit group comprises the sole occupation of Vehicle Painters, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Vehicle Painters prepare surfaces of vehicles, match and mix colours and apply paint.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • removing rough spots on vehicle panels
  • sanding surfaces by hand and with power sanders
  • masking areas not to be painted with tape and paper
  • colour matching and mixing paints to match paint shades, and selecting pre-mixed paint
  • applying primer and finishing coats using spray-guns, and sanding surfaces between coats
  • touching up paintwork and applying polish to vehicles
  • removing masking papers, and waxing and polishing finished paintwork
  • painting signs and artwork on vehicles
  • treating vehicles with rust-proofing chemicals

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) ROL

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)*

*Subject to caveat: Regional only. Excludes positions that are not located in regional Australia.

A description of the Vehicle Painter occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Vehicle Painter

Alternative Title:

Vehicle Refinisher

324311

Prepares surfaces of vehicles, matches and mixes colours and applies paint. Registration or licensing may be required.

ANZSCO Minor Group 331 –Bricklayers, and Carpenters and Joiners

The ANZSCO minor group 331 for Bricklayers, and Carpenters and Joiners are characterised by the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Bricklayers, and Carpenters and Joiners construct and erect buildings and other structures of brick, stone and timber.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • studying plans and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • erecting frameworks, roof framing and scaffolding, and laying sub-floors and floorboards
  • operating machines and hand tools to cut and shape stones, bricks and timber
  • laying bricks and stone blocks in rows and securing with mortar to construct walls
  • assembling prepared wood to form structures ready to install
  • nailing fascia panels, sheathing roofs, and fitting wall cladding and door and window frames
  • checking vertical and horizontal alignment

The 331 minor group contains the following unit groups:

  • 3311 Bricklayers and Stonemasons; and
  • 3312 Carpenters and Joiners.

Set out below are the specific Bricklayers, and Carpenters and Joiners occupations which may be nominated for an Australian skilled visa.

UNIT GROUP 3311 – BRICKLAYERS AND STONEMASONS

The Bricklayers and Stonemasons unit group includes two occupations with the following common elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Bricklayers and Stonemasons lay bricks, pre-cut stones and other types of building blocks in mortar to construct and repair walls, partitions, arches and other structures, and cut and shape hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs for the construction and renovation of stone structures and monumental masonry.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • studying plans and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • erecting and dismantling restricted height scaffolding
  • sealing foundations with damp-resistant materials and spreading layers of mortar to serve as base and binder for blocks using trowels
  • laying bricks in rows, designs and shapes, and spreading mortar between joints
  • embedding blocks in mortar and removing excess mortar
  • checking vertical and horizontal alignment
  • cutting, shaping and polishing stones and bricks using machines and hand tools, and shaping bricks to fit irregular spaces
  • repairing and maintaining bricks, cement blocks and related structures
  • designing and cutting monumental masonry and lettering
  • constructing walls using stone slabs and large masonry slab blocks

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the occupations in the Bricklayers and Stonemasons unit group are listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Bricklayer

Alternative Title:

Blocklayer

331111

Lays bricks, pre-cut stone and other types of building blocks in mortar to construct and repair walls, partitions, arches and other structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

Stonemason

331112

Cuts and shapes hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs to construct and renovate stone structures and monumental masonry. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3312 – CARPENTERS AND JOINERS

The Carpenters and Joiners unit group comprises three occupations with the following common elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Carpenters and Joiners construct, erect, install, renovate and repair structures and fixtures made of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials, and cut, shape and fit timber parts to form structures and fittings.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • studying drawings and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • ordering and selecting timbers and materials, and preparing layouts
  • cutting materials, and assembling and nailing cut and shaped parts
  • erecting framework and roof framing, laying sub-flooring and floorboards and verifying trueness of structures
  • nailing fascia panels, sheathing roofs, and fitting exterior wall cladding and door and window frames
  • assembling prepared wood to form structures and fittings ready to install
  • cutting wood joints
  • may construct concrete formwork
  • may repair existing fittings
  • may work with plastic laminates, perspex and metals

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the occupations in the Carpenters and Joiners unit group are listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Carpenter and Joiner

331211

Constructs and installs structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, and wallboard, and cuts, shapes and fits timber parts to form structures and fittings. Registration or licensing may be required.

Carpenter

331212

Constructs, erects, installs, renovates and repairs structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials. Registration or licensing may be required.

Joiner

331213

Cuts, shapes and fits timber parts in workshops to form structures and fittings, ready for installation. Registration or licensing may be required.

ANZSCO Minor Group 332 – Floor Finishers and Painting Trades Workers

The ANZSCO minor group 332 for Floor Finishers and Painting Trades Workers share the following common elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Floor Finishers and Painting Trades Workers install and repair soft and resilient floor coverings, and apply paint, varnish, wallpaper and other finishes to protect, maintain and decorate the surfaces of buildings and structures.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification

Tasks include:

  • measuring areas to be covered and consulting plans to estimate quantities of floor covering materials required
  • preparing surfaces by removing old floor coverings, paint and wallpaper, fixing woodwork, filling holes and cracks, smoothing and sealing surfaces, and removing baseboard trims
  • measuring, cutting and fixing underlay materials
  • laying underlay and covering materials on floors, matching patterns, cutting shapes around fixtures and trimming edges
  • selecting and preparing paints to required colours by mixing portions of pigment, oil, thinning and drying additives
  • applying paints, varnishes and stains to surfaces using brushes, rollers and sprays, and hanging wallpaper

The 332 minor group contains the following unit groups:

  • 3321 Floor Finishers; and
  • 3322 Painting Trades Workers.

Set out below are the specific Floor Finishers and Painting Trades Worker occupations which may be nominated for an Australian skilled visa.

UNIT GROUP 3321 – FLOOR FINISHERS

This unit group consists of the single occupation of Floor Finisher, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Floor Finishers measure, cut, install and repair soft and resilient floor coverings.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • measuring areas to be covered and consulting plans to estimate quantities of floor covering materials required
  • preparing surfaces for covering and removing baseboard trims
  • measuring, cutting and fixing underlay materials
  • laying coverings, such as carpets, linoleum, parquetry blocks, cork tiles and other resilient flooring materials, over floors, matching patterns, cutting shapes around fixtures and trimming edges
  • securing floor coverings and fitting edge trims in doorways
  • sanding, staining and applying finishing coatings to timber floors
  • may install wall, ceiling, counter and bench coverings

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) ROL

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated) 
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)*

*Subject to caveat: Regional only. Excludes positions that are not located in regional Australia.

A description of the Floor Finishers occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Floor Finisher

332111

Measures, cuts, installs and repairs soft and resilient floor coverings. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3322 – PAINTING TRADES WORKERS

This unit group consists of the single occupation of Painting Trades Worker, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Painting Trades Workers apply paint, varnish, wallpaper and other finishes to protect, maintain and decorate surfaces of buildings and structures.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • erecting scaffolding and ladders, and placing drop sheets to protect adjacent areas from paint splattering
  • preparing surfaces by removing old paint and wallpaper, fixing woodwork, filling holes and cracks, and smoothing and sealing surfaces
  • selecting and preparing paints to required colours by mixing portions of pigment, oil, and thinning and drying additives
  • applying paints, varnishes and stains to surfaces using brushes, rollers and sprays
  • hanging wallpaper, matching patterns and trimming edges
  • cleaning equipment and work areas
  • may repair windows and replace glass in wooden and metal frames
  • may lay and repair wall and floor tiles

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the Painting Trades Workers occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Painting Trades Worker

332211

Applies paint, varnish, wallpaper and other finishes to protect, maintain and decorate surfaces of buildings and structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

ANZSCO Minor Group 333 – Glaziers, plasterers and tilers

The ANZSCO minor group 333 for Glaziers, plasterers and tilers has the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Glaziers, Plasterers and Tilers cut and install flat glass, apply plaster and secure plasterboard and suspended ceilings, and lay tiles on roofs, walls and floors.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification

Tasks include:

  • studying drawings and taking measurements to determine materials required
  • preparing surfaces and materials by removing old tiles, grout and adhesive, mixing plaster and cement, and marking and cutting glass
  • installing glass and mirrors in windows, skylights, display cases, interior walls and ceilings
  • measuring, marking and cutting plasterboard, lifting and positioning panels, and securing them to walls, ceilings and battens
  • applying coats of plaster to structures using trowels, and levelling and smoothing coats to uniform thickness
  • aligning starter rows of roofing material with edges of roofs, securing with wire, staples or nails, and overlapping successive layers of tiles
  • spreading adhesive onto prepared surfaces and tiles, and setting tiles in position
  • grouting tiles, and ensuring surfaces are waterproof

The 333 minor group contains the following unit groups:

  • 3331 Glaziers;
  • 3332 Plasterers;
  • 3333 Roof Tilers; and
  • 3334 Wall and Floor Tilers.

Set out below are the specific Glaziers, Plasterers and Tilers occupations which may be nominated for an Australian skilled visa.

UNIT GROUP 3331 – GLAZIERS

This unit group consists of the single occupation of Glaziers, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Glaziers measure, cut, finish, fit and install flat glass and mirrors.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • determining type and dimensions of glass required
  • laying glass over patterns on padded tables and in jigs
  • measuring and marking glass for cutting
  • examining glass and marking defective areas
  • cutting along patterns and templates
  • breaking off sheets and excess glass with notched tools and glass pliers
  • installing glass and mirrors in windows, skylights, display cases, interior walls and ceilings
  • smoothing rough edges using belt sanders and smoothing wheels
  • may coat, cut, etch, trim and treat glass to achieve special effects

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the Painting Trades Workers occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Glazier

333111

Measures, cuts, finishes, fits and installs flat glass and mirrors.

UNIT GROUP 3332 – PLASTERERS

The Plasterers unit group comprises two occupations, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Plasterers apply and fix plasterboard partitions, suspended ceilings, fire rating systems, acoustic tiles, and composite wall linings to buildings, and apply decorative and protective coverings of plaster, cement and similar materials to the interiors and exteriors of structures.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • determining plasterboard layout, and installing insulation and vapour barriers
  • measuring, marking and cutting plasterboard, lifting and positioning panels, and securing them to walls, ceilings and battens
  • preparing corner beads and securing them in position
  • fixing pre-cast cornices, panel mouldings, ceiling centres and other plaster fittings
  • covering joins and nail holes with wet plaster and sealing compounds, and smoothing them using wet brushes and sand paper
  • mixing and applying coats of plaster, cement and render to structures using trowels, and levelling and smoothing coats to uniform thickness
  • plumbing and straightening corners, angles and wall and ceiling surfaces
  • creating decorative textures in finishing coats
  • applying and finishing acoustic, insulating and fireproofing materials bonded with plaster, plastic cement and similar materials

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the occupations in this ANZSCO unit group are listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Fibrous Plasterer

333211

Applies and fixes plasterboard partitions, suspended ceilings, fire rating systems, acoustic tiles, and composite wall linings to buildings. Registration or licensing may be required.

Solid Plasterer

333212

Applies decorative and protective coverings of plaster, cement and similar materials to the interiors and exteriors of structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3333 – ROOF TILERS

This unit group comprises of the single occupation for Roof Tilers, characterised by the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Roof Tilers cover roofs with tiles, sheets and shingles to form a waterproof surface.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • studying drawings, specifications and work sites to determine materials required
  • erecting ladders and scaffolds
  • placing and securing waterproof sheets over eaves
  • nailing and stapling roofing underlay to roofs
  • aligning starter rows of roofing material with edges of roofs, securing with wire, staples and nails, and overlapping successive layers of tiles
  • sizing and cutting roofing material to fit around vents, chimney edges, corners and ridges
  • fixing edge and ridge tiles in cement mortar
  • slipping roofing material under pre-fabricated flashing and nailing it down
  • caulking and flashing exposed nail heads to prevent leaks

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Short Term Stream)

A description of the occupation of Roof Tiler in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Roof Tiler

333311

Cover roofs with tiles, sheets and shingles to form a waterproof surface. Registration or licensing may be required.

UNIT GROUP 3334 – WALL AND FLOOR TILERS

This unit group comprises of the single occupation for Wall and Floor Tilers, characterised by the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Wall and Floor Tilers lay ceramic, clay, slate, marble and glass tiles on external and internal walls and floors to provide protective and decorative finishes.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Registration or licensing may be required.

Tasks include:

  • examining plans, measuring and marking surfaces and laying out work
  • preparing wall and floor surfaces by removing old tiles, grout and adhesive, filling holes and cracks, and cleaning surfaces
  • spreading adhesive onto prepared surfaces and tiles, and setting tiles in position
  • using tile-cutting tools to cut and shape tiles needed for edges and corners, and around objects such as fittings and pipes
  • ensuring tiles are correctly aligned and spaced
  • grouting tiles, and cleaning and removing excess grout
  • applying waterproofing systems
  • may lay floors of granolithic, terrazzo, cement or similar composition
  • may lay coloured tiles in patterns to create mosaics

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)*

* Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the occupation of Wall and Floor Tilers in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Wall and Floor Tiler

333411

Lays ceramic, clay, slate, marble and glass tiles on external and internal walls and floors to provide protective and decorative finishes. Registration or licensing may be required.

ANZSCO Minor Group 351 – Food Trades Workers

The ANZSCO minor group 351 for Food Trades Workers share the following common elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Food Trades Workers bake bread and pastry goods, prepare meat for sale, and plan, organise, prepare and cook food for dining and catering establishments.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this minor group have a level of skill commensurate with an:

  • AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 2); or
  • AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV, or at least three years of relevant experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 3)

In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • checking the cleanliness and operation of equipment and premises before production runs to ensure compliance with occupational health and safety regulations
  • planning menus, estimating food and labour costs, and ordering food supplies
  • monitoring quality of food at all stages of preparation and presentation
  • preparing meat for sale and baking bread, cakes and pastries
  • preparing food and cooking using ovens, hotplates, grills and similar equipment
  • portioning food, placing it in dishes, and adding gravies, sauces and garnishes

The 351 minor group contains the following unit groups:

  • 3511 Bakers and Pastrycooks;
  • 3512 Butchers and Smallgoods Makers;
  • 3513 Chefs; and
  • 3514 Cooks.

Set out below are the specific Food Trades Worker occupations which may be nominated for an Australian skilled visa.

UNIT GROUP 3511 – BAKERS AND PASTRYCOOKS

The Bakers and Pastrycooks unit group comprises two occupations, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Bakers and Pastrycooks prepare and bake bread loaves and rolls, buns, cakes, biscuits and pastry goods.

ANZSCO Skill level: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3)

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • checking the cleanliness of equipment and operation of premises before production runs to ensure compliance with occupational health and safety regulations
  • checking the quality of raw materials and weighing ingredients
  • kneading, maturing, cutting, moulding, mixing and shaping dough and pastry goods
  • preparing pastry fillings
  • monitoring oven temperatures and product appearance to determine baking times
  • coordinating the forming, loading, baking, unloading, de-panning and cooling of batches of bread, rolls and pastry products
  • glazing buns and pastries, and decorating cakes with cream and icing
  • operating machines which roll and mould dough and cut biscuits
  • emptying, cleaning and greasing baking trays, tins and other cooking equipment

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Short Term Stream)*

*Subject to caveat: Low skilled tasks – Excludes positions that relate to mass or standardised production (as opposed to specialist production), including the following:

(a) a position based in a franchise or factory;

(b) a position that:

(i) involves full or partial production of food product for distribution to another location; or

(ii) predominantly involves the use of preprepared food product from another location.

A description of the occupations in this ANZSCO unit group are listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Baker

351111

Prepares and bakes bread loaves and rolls.

Pastrycook

351112

Prepares and bakes buns, cakes, biscuits and pastry goods.

UNIT GROUP 3512 – BUTCHERS AND SMALLGOODS MAKERS

This unit group comprises of the single occupation of Butcher or Smallgoods Maker, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Butchers and Smallgoods Makers select, cut, trim, prepare and arrange meat for sale and supply, operate meat and smallgoods processing machines, and manage the processes in the production of smallgoods.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • preparing meat for sale by removing bones, trimming fat and cutting, mincing and grinding meat to shape and size for display or as ordered
  • preparing crumbed cuts of meat, and marinating, seasoning and curing special cuts
  • selecting and preparing meat to produce smallgoods
  • operating machines to grind, mix, mince and tenderise meat
  • making seasonings and pickles by mixing spices, salt and other ingredients
  • operating sausage filling machines, smoking chambers, and cooking kettles and vats
  • advising customers on the suitability and uses of cuts of meat
  • may assist in menu planning and scheduling, and in estimating food production costs

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Short Term Stream)

A description of the Butcher or Smallgoods Maker occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Butcher or Smallgoods Maker

351211

Selects, cuts, trims, prepares and arranges meat for sale or supply, operates meat or smallgoods processing machines, or manages the processes in the production of smallgoods.

UNIT GROUP 3513 – CHEFS

This unit group comprises of the single occupation of Chef, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Chefs plan and organise the preparation and cooking of food in dining and catering establishments.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma (ANZSCO Skill Level 2).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • planning menus, estimating food and labour costs, and ordering food supplies
  • monitoring quality of dishes at all stages of preparation and presentation
  • discussing food preparation issues with Managers, Dietitians and kitchen and waiting staff
  • demonstrating techniques and advising on cooking procedures
  • preparing and cooking food
  • explaining and enforcing hygiene regulations
  • may select and train staff
  • may freeze and preserve foods

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (Independent) subclass 189 visa
  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (Family Sponsored)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) subclass 186 visa*
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Medium Term Stream)*
  • Temporary Graduate subclass 485 visa (Graduate Work Stream)**

*Subject to caveats: (1) Low skilled tasks – Excludes positions involved in mass production in a factory setting.

(2) Low skilled tasks – Excludes positions in a limited service restaurant. Limited service restaurant includes the following:

  (a)  a fast food or takeaway food service;

  (b)  a fast casual restaurant;

  (c)  a drinking establishment that offers only a limited food service;

  (d)  a limited service cafe, including a coffee shop or mall cafe;

  (e)  a limited service pizza restaurant.

** Potential applicants may also qualify under the Post-Study Work Stream, which does not apply a Skilled Occupation List.

A description of the Chef occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Chef

351311

Plans and organises the preparation and cooking of food in a dining or catering establishment.

UNIT GROUP 3514 – COOKS

This unit group comprises of the single occupation of Cook, with the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Cooks prepare, season and cook food in dining and catering establishments.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3)

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • examining foodstuffs to ensure quality
  • regulating temperatures of ovens, grills and other cooking equipment
  • preparing and cooking food
  • seasoning food during cooking
  • portioning food, placing it on plates, and adding gravies, sauces and garnishes
  • storing food in temperature controlled facilities
  • preparing food to meet special dietary requirements
  • may plan menus and estimate food requirements
  • may train other kitchen staff and apprentices

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Short Term Stream)*

*Subject to caveats: (1) Low skilled tasks – Excludes positions involved in mass production in a factory setting.

(2) Low skilled tasks – Excludes positions in a limited service restaurant. Limited service restaurant includes the following:

  (a)  a fast food or takeaway food service;

  (b)  a fast casual restaurant;

  (c)  a drinking establishment that offers only a limited food service;

  (d)  a limited service cafe, including a coffee shop or mall cafe;

  (e)  a limited service pizza restaurant.

A description of the Cook occupation in this ANZSCO unit group is listed below.

ANZSCO Occupation

ANZSCO code

ANZSCO Description

Cook

351411

Prepares, seasons and cooks food in a dining or catering establishment.

ANZSCO Minor Group 391 – Hairdressers

The ANZSCO minor group 391 (and unit group 3911) for Hairdressers consists of this single occupation only, the following elements.

ANZSCO General Description: Hairdressers cut, style, colour, straighten and permanently wave hair, and treat hair and scalp conditions.

ANZSCO Skill level: Normally requires a level of skill commensurate with an AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3).

At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks include:

  • providing advice on hair care, beauty products and hairstyles
  • shampooing hair and conditioning scalps
  • colouring, straightening and permanently waving hair with chemical solutions
  • cutting hair with scissors, clippers and razors
  • styling hair into dreadlocks and braids and adding hair extensions
  • shaving and trimming beards and moustaches
  • cleaning work areas and sanitising instruments
  • arranging appointments and collecting payments
  • may clean, colour, cut and style wigs and hairpieces

Skill assessing authority: TRA

Skilled Occupation List: Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL)

Skilled Visa options:

  • Skilled (State Sponsored) subclass 190 visa
  • Skilled (Regional) subclass 489 visa (State or Territory Nominated)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) subclass 187 visa
  • Training subclass 407 visa
  • Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa (Short Term Stream)

The ANZSCO code for this occupation is 391111.

Skill Assessments for Trades Workers

As noted in our introduction, the prescribed skills assessing body for most trade occupations is Trades Recognition Australia (TRA). It has a number of skills assessment programs, depending on your occupation, country of passport, where you studied and the type of skilled visa that you are seeking to apply for. The TRA Pathfinder is a good starting point to determine which skills assessment program to select based on your individual circumstances. Detailed guidelines are also available for each TRA assessment program.

Job Ready Program (JRP)

The JRP is for international student graduates with an Australian qualification. It involves a four-step employment-based process in which you need to demonstrate that your skills and job readiness are suitable for you to be employed in your nominated occupation in Australia.

The steps involved in the JRP are as follows:

Provisional Skills Assessment (PSA)

This step verifies your Australian qualification and any employment and/or vocational placement you have undertaken in an Australian workplace. To be eligible to apply for a PSA, you must:

  • Have held a student visa in Australia;
  • Have completed a qualification relevant to an occupation assessed by TRA; and
  • Provide evidence of having completed a minimum of 360 hours of employment and/or a vocational placement relevant to your qualification and nominated occupation in Australia workplace three years of submitting your PSA application.

A PSA can also be used to apply for a Temporary Graduate (subclass 485) visa.

Job Ready Employment (JRE)

This step requires you to gain experience in an Australian workplace to further develop your skills relevant to your nominated occupation.

You need to complete at least 1,725 hours of paid employment over a minimum of 12 months from your JRE start date in an Australian workplace that has been approved by TRA. The employment must be in your nominated occupation, or one which is closely related.

To be eligible to apply for this step, you must:

  • Have a successful PSA outcome (step 1 above);
  • either currently hold, or have lodged an application with the Department for a visa, that has unrestricted work rights, and which is valid for at least 12 months;
  • have secured eligible employment in your nominated occupation; and
  • have less than 4 months remaining on your student visa (if applicable).

Job Ready Workplace Assessment (JRWA)

This step aims to determine whether you are working at the required skill level in an Australian workplace in your nominated occupation. It is conducted in your workplace by an assessor from a TRA-approved registered training organisation. The assessment will focus on the activities you have been required to perform during your employment.

To be eligible for a JRWA, your workplace must have been approved by TRA and you must have provided TRA with:

  • acceptable pay evidence to substantiate that you have been in paid employment for at least 863 hours, for a minimum of six months from your JRE start date; and
  • acceptable Quarterly Progress Reports (QPRs), Employment Verification Reports (EVRs) and journals covering a minimum of six months of employment.

You must also be actively in paid work for a period of at least one month with the employer who signs your JRWA Summary Page.

Job Ready Final Assessment (JRFA)

To be eligible for the final step of the JRP, you must have:

  • a successful PSA outcome (Step 1);
  • a successful JRWA outcome (Step 3); and
  • provided TRA with acceptable pay evidence to substantiate that you have been in  paid employment for at least 1725 hours for a minimum of 12 months from your JRE start date, as well as QPRs, EVRs, and any monthly journals submitted prior to 10 July 2019 covering a minimum of six months of employment.

TSS Skills Assessment

The TSS Skills Assessment Program is an assessment pathway for applicants applying for a Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) subclass 482 visa, who:

  • work in a nominated occupation and hold a passport from a specified country or Special Administrative Region (SAR); and
  • are required by the Department to obtain a skills assessment.

The TSS Skills Assessment Program consists of the following pathways:

  • Pathway 1 – for applicants who do not hold an Australian qualification in their trade. The process comprises of four stages; and
  • Pathway 2 – for applicants who hold a relevant Australian vocational qualification, or a current identified Australian occupational licence.

In addition to your qualification, you must also demonstrate a minimum of 3 years full-time work experience in a directly related occupation (including 12 months full-time paid employment in your nominated occupation in the 3 years before lodging your application. If you have an occupational licence, the 12 months full-time paid employment must be in Australia).

Note that where a skills assessment is required, it must have been undertaken or commenced within 3 years of lodgement of your TSS visa application.

Offshore Skills Assessment

The Offshore Skills Assessment Program (OSAP) is for applicants who are seeking to apply for a skilled visa, excluding a subclass 485 or TSS visa. It is compulsory for applicants from specified countries, Special Administrative Regions (SARs) and occupations.

The OSAP comprises the following pathways:

  • Pathway 1 – for applicants who do not hold an Australian qualification in their trade. The process comprises of four stages; and
  • Pathway 2 – for applicants who hold a relevant Australian qualification, or a current identified Australian occupational licence.

In addition to your qualification, you must also demonstrate a minimum of 3 years full-time work experience in a directly related occupation (including 12 months full-time paid employment in your nominated occupation in the 3 years before lodging your application. If you have an occupational licence, the 12 months full-time paid employment must be in Australia).

Migration Skills Assessment

The Migration Skills Assessment Program (MSA) is for applicants applying for a permanent skilled visa in occupations and countries not covered by Registered Training Organisations (RTO) approved by TRA.

It is a paper-based skills assessment of your qualification/s and employment history to determine comparability with Australian standards for a skilled worker in your nominated occupation.

To be eligible to apply for the MSA program, your nominated occupation must be:

  • listed on the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) or the Short-term Skilled Occupations List (STSOL);
  • relevant to your qualification and/or apprenticeship; and
  • relevant to your employment.

Australia’s migrations laws are complex, and each case is different. There are also several terms which are defined in the migration provisions (and whose meanings may differ from their ordinary usage). We recommend that you seek professional advice if you are seeking to apply for a skilled visa to Australia, as being fully informed about the process and requirements that apply will give you the best chance of achieving a successful outcome on your application, and thus lessen the chance that it will be refused. A migration professional can help you to do this.

For up to date advice on the Australian visa options for trade workers, book your confidential consultation with a migration agent in Adelaide. PAX Migration Australia is a leading immigration advice service based in Adelaide.

References/Links:

Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO)

https://www.abs.gov.au/ANZSCO

ANZSCO Minor Group 321 – Automotive Electricians and Mechanics

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/6719F9C1FA4105FFCA257B950013112B?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3211 – Automotive Electricians

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/0A1D7BDA7243A22DCA257B95001311A8?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3212 – Motor Mechanics

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/9103286E6963E811CA257B9500131156?opendocument

ANZSCO Minor Group 324 – Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters

https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/00C0550A8C16048ACA2575DF002DA5BA?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3241 – Panelbeaters

https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/A6779C80D5FA073FCA2575DF002DA6D0?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3242 – Vehicle Body Builders and Trimmers

https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/DCD40B307D273EF4CA2575DF002DA721?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3243 – Vehicle Painters

https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/24E350603BF81547CA2575DF002DA726?opendocument

ANZSCO Minor Group 331 –Bricklayers, and Carpenters and Joiners

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/7322DAFCC6AB2A59CA257B95007BE8FD?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3311 – Bricklayers and Stonemasons

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/C063C6A671012527CA257B95007BE8FE?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3312 – Carpenters and Joiners

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/94F53897FC3CBBE9CA257B95007BE904?opendocument

ANZSCO Minor Group 332 – Floor Finishers and Painting Trades Workers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/256C7C8261911DE1CA257B95007BE8FC?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3321 – Floor Finishers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/9473133224418000CA257B95007BE903?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3322 – Painting Trades Workers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/CAA1323ED28F85A5CA257B95007BE8FF?opendocument

ANZSCO Minor Group 333 – Glaziers, plasterers and tilers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/6BB6BB7C867AB3E5CA257B95007BE8F9?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3331 – Glaziers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/F7F9A8C3B1DAA89CCA257B95007BE902?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3332 – Plasterers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/02E60D5E36570E4ECA257B95007BE900?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3333 – Roof Tilers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/F88B0683B1BC4C35CA257B95007BE8FA?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3334 – Wall and Floor Tilers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/D7DFB2764210F2BCCA257B95007BE901?opendocument

ANZSCO Minor Group 351 – Food Trades Workers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/915DA060E23EEF3CCA257B9500131099?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3511 – Bakers and Pastrycooks

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/DB5B67198C08003DCA257B95001310D3?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3512 – Butchers and Smallgoods Makers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/215440C10B7BB9A9CA257B950013109A?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3513 – Chefs

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/280C161E85630F62CA257B95001311A3?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3514 – Cooks

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/7FED27BABF04A63CCA257B95001311A5?opendocument

ANZSCO Minor Group 391 – Hairdressers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/772AF1C3174A1558CA257B950013107C?opendocument

ANZSCO Unit Group 3911 – Hairdressers

https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Product+Lookup/DB4764C895386AE8CA257B9500131191?opendocument

Trades Recognition Australia (TRA)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/

TRA – Pathfinder

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/tra-pathfinder-0

TRA – Guidelines (All Programs)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs/guidelines-all-programs

TRA – Job Ready Program (JRP)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs/job-ready-program

TRA – Job Ready Program (JRP) – Step 1 – Provisional Skills Assessment (PSA)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs-job-ready-program/step-1-psa

TRA – Job Ready Program (JRP) – Step 2 – Job Ready Employment (JRE)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs-job-ready-program/step-2-jre

TRA – Job Ready Program (JRP) – Step 3 – Job Ready Workplace Assessment (JRWA)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs-job-ready-program/step-3-jrwa

TRA – Job Ready Program (JRP) – Step 4 – Job Ready Final Assessment (JRFA)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs-job-ready-program/step-4-jrfa

TRA – TSS Skills Assessment

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs/tss-skills-assessment

TRA – Offshore Skills Assessment (OSAP)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs/offshore-skills-assessment

TRA – Migration Skills Assessment (MSA)

https://www.tradesrecognitionaustralia.gov.au/programs/migration-skills-assessment